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The atomic radius calculator is an essential tool for determining the size of an atom. By entering the atom or element name and the total number of electron shells, this calculator will provide the precise atomic radius.

How to Use the Atomic Radius Calculator

1. Enter the Atom or Element Name: Input the specific atom or element you’re interested in.
2. Input the Total Number of Electron Shells: Provide the total number of electron shells in the atom.

For example, to find the radius of the first electron shell, square the shell number and multiply by 0.529 Ã… to get the atomic radius of the element.

The atomic radius is defined as the distance from the nucleus of an atom to its outermost electron shell. It measures the size of the atom and is typically calculated as half the distance between the centers of two identical atoms bonded together. Since the exact boundary of an atom is not clearly defined, the concept of atomic radius can vary depending on the method of measurement.

Common Methods to Determine Atomic Radius

• Covalent Radius: Used for nonmetals. It is half the distance between the nuclei of two identical atoms when bonded by a single covalent bond.
• Van der Waals Radius: Applied to noble gases and some nonmetals. It represents the radius of an atom when it forms weak attractions with other atoms.
• Metallic Radius: Used for metals. It is half the distance between adjacent metal nuclei in a crystal lattice.
• Ionic Radius: Used for ions. The radius can be larger or smaller than the atomic radius depending on whether the ion is positive (cation) or negative (anion).

• Down a Group: The atomic radius increases as you move down a column in the periodic table. This is due to the addition of higher energy levels for the outermost electrons.
• Across a Period: The atomic radius decreases from left to right across a row. The increasing positive charge in the nucleus pulls electrons closer, reducing the atomic size.